Beaver cutting down tree constantly and sometimes cause harm. And this is exactly what our article will be about today.
The banks of the Red River are home to a large population of beavers. They are a fairly large species of rodent, usually three to four pounds long.
Beavers settle in lodges, which they dutifully build from found branches and mud. In some rivers and streams, they construct entire dams so that the water depth is comfortable for their purposes and maintains its stability. On the Red River and other similar rivers where frequent floods occur, beaver dams do not have the desired effect.
Therefore, beavers that live on the Red River or similar rivers build their lodges in special burrows. These burrows are located along the river bank. Often you can get into these burrows only underwater, but you can see them and above the surface of the water. It is a sight to behold when the water level is lower than usual.
Beaver Cutting down Tree: How Does A Beaver Know Which Tree To Cut Down?
It is easy enough to tell if beavers have been to a given place by looking at the trees growing around it. To fell a tree, the beaver nibbles around it, biting off sliver after sliver until he achieves the desired effect. Eventually, a distinctive mark appears at the base of the stump or log, which the beaver has cut down. Quite often beavers by their actions helping people to make cutting a tree in section.
Beavers do not gnaw on the first tree they see. They usually choose not particularly large trees to cut down. If the tree is between two and six inches in diameter, it is the one most likely to fall prey to beavers.
However, there are exceptions to every rule. Beavers can cut down larger trees as well. They may even target a tree that is thirty-three inches in diameter. If beavers are building a dam, they will cut down trees frequently.
Much more often than their brethren who live in underwater burrows. This makes sense since it is from wood that they build dams. But this is not the only reason why beavers cut down trees. This is also because the main part of their diet is the bark of trees.
Their dams are majestic structures that can even be seen from space. They can be up to 700 m long. The most extensive one was recorded in New Hampshire. It was 1.2 km long.
A Little More About Beavers
- Beavers are essentially nocturnal animals, and you can only watch them in the evening. They are quite accustomed to living in river water, thanks to their webbed hind legs. They also allow beavers to swim amazing distances at six miles per hour.
- In order for this mammal to better navigate in the water, nature has endowed it with a transparent third eyelid. It is believed that the flat tail helps them move through the water column. However, this is not true.
- The tail acts as a stabilizer, thanks to which the animal keeps its balance. It is also used to regulate body temperature. The tail is also a pantry for storing fat. Beavers use this part of their body to warn each other of danger: they strike the water surface with it, creating a loud sound.
- Beavers do not hibernate during the winter, so they have an impressive layer of fat under their skin that keeps them warm during the winter, especially when they come in contact with cold water.
- Beavers are not very adapted to life on land, they like water better. This is easy to prove. On land, they are too cautious: often stopping, sniffing for extraneous odors, and looking around to avoid a sudden attack or other dangerous situation.
Video: Beaver Cutting Down Tree
In this video you can see how beavers making their job, cutting down trees.
Catching beavers were very popular in the twentieth century because beaver pelts were highly prized in those days. Part of the steamboating on the Red River began because of the need to transport beaver pelts.
The catching of beavers was not regulated, and because of this, the population of beavers began to rapidly die out, not having enough time to leave their offspring.
Finally, people came to their senses. They introduced rules for hunting and trapping beavers, which allowed the animals to restore their population in many parts of the continent. Beavers not only rebuilt their numbers but also increased their numbers. This led to these animals becoming pests in some regions.
Widespread dams began to block the path of fish to their spawning grounds. Beaver cutting down trees began to die and in large numbers.
The fact is that people try not to cut down trees growing near riverbanks because they stabilize the banks from erosion. The root system keeps the soil from crumbling, holding it in place. When beavers cut down these trees, their root system ceases to function with the same efficiency.
Beavers, of course, make up for some of the damage they do. Their dams also keep erosion in check, and the resulting ponds quickly become populated with new insects and fish.